The English Housing Survey (EHS) is a national survey of people’s housing circumstances and the condition and energy efficiency of housing in England.

It is one of the longest standing government surveys, and was first run in 1967. This report provides the findings from the 2018-19 survey.

This report is split into two sections. The first, on households, covers tenure (owner occupation and the social and private rented sectors) and the demographic and economic characteristics of the people who live in the three tenures.

The second section, on homes, provides an overview of the housing stock in
England including: the age, size, and type of home; energy efficiency of the
housing stock; decent homes; homes affected by damp and mould; and smoke alarms.

Additional annex tables are available and provide further detail to that covered in the main body of the report.

Main findings from the report include:-

  1. Owner occupation rates remain unchanged for the sixth year in a row
  2. The proportion of households in the private rented sector also remains unchanged for the sixth year in a row. The proportion of households in the social rented sector has not changed for more than a decade
  3. After more than a decade of decline, the proportion of 25-34 year olds in owner occupation has increased and there are now almost equal proportions of 25-34 year olds living in the private rented sector and owner occupied sectors
  4. Over the last decade, the proportion of people aged 55-64 living in the rented sectors has increased
  5. In the last 20 years, overcrowding has increased in the rented sectors and remains at the highest rate it has ever been in the social rented sectors
  6. Under-occupation, ie having two or more spare bedrooms, has also increased over the last 20 years, but only among owner occupiers. The proportion of renters living in under-occupied accommodation has declined
  7. There remains a lower proportion of non-decent homes in the social sector than in the private rented and owner occupied sectors
  8. Over the last decade, the proportion of non-decent homes has declined
  9. The proportion of homes with smart meters has continued to increase.

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